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Ohio Department of Transportation Purchasing Policy


Policy No: 18-007(P)
Effective: 4/17/2015
Responsible Division: Finance
Supersedes Policy: 18-007(P) dated 8/2/2006


This policy provides guidance to assure that State and Federal Laws and Regulations are followed when purchasing goods and services.


Sections 102.03, 123.152, 125.01- 125.11, 125.31-125.76, 125.081, 127.12 -127.16, 127.162, 153.65- 153.71, 2921.42, 2921.43, 4115.31-4115.35, 5147.07, 5501.17,and 5513.02 of the Ohio Revised Code.
DAS Directive 09-21 GS-D-12
Ohio Ethics Commission Advisory Opinion No. 91-010


State of Ohio Controlling Board Manual
State Accounting Fiscal Essentials (SAFE) Policy
State of Ohio Procurement Handbook for Supplies and Services


This policy is applicable to all supervisors and employees who make or approve purchases of goods and services, on behalf of the Department of Transportation.


ODOT will procure all goods and services provided by the sources listed below as required by the Ohio Revised Code (ORC):

*Ohio Penal Industries - (OPI) (Section 5147.07)

* DAS Community Rehabilitation Programs (CRP) (Section 125.60)

*DAS State Printing – (Sections 125.31 - 125.76)

*Department of Administrative Services (DAS) term contracts (Sections 125.01 - 125.11) ODOT Term contracts (Section 5513.02)


*If goods or services are offered by any of the required sources above, a written waiver must be obtained from that source in advance to purchase the goods or services from a different vendor.



Purchases of goods or services which are not available from the required sources listed in section I of this policy will be made with the direct purchase authority granted to the Department by DAS in section 125.05 of the ORC.

Any purchase made with the Department’s direct purchase authority will be made in a manner which follows Office of Budget and Management (OBM) and Department of Administrative Services (DAS) guidance so as to obtaining the lowest responsible and responsive price. Price quotes for non-contract purchases will be the primary mechanism for ensuring the best value is obtained. Quote requirements will be established and communicated by the Division of Finance and Forecasting.

No purchases shall be authorized or made without first encumbering the funds to pay for it, except in instances where the payment card or debit voucher is legally and administratively acceptable or where an emergency situation exists as defined by ORC Section 5513.02. All purchases shall be made using ODOT’s Automated Purchasing System (APS) or other approved purchasing methods (Paycard, EDI or debit voucher).

Sole source purchasing should be avoided, if at all possible. Quotes should be obtained according to established requirements.

Split purchases of like goods or services should not be made in order to circumvent any requirement set forth in this policy or as set forth in DAS Directive 09-21 GS-D-12. It is important to plan purchases efficiently and economically.

All information contained in vendor quotations and bids is confidential information and must not be released or disseminated until the contract or purchase is awarded.

All Personal Service Contracts shall use a standard contract form approved by the Chief Legal Counsel. All Personal Service Contracts shall be approved by the Director, Assistant Directors or their designee.

Conflicts of interest in the purchasing process shall be avoided at all times. Prior to entering into an ODOT contract, any employee who is involved in recommending, selecting or entering into an ODOT contract with a vendor with whom the employee, employee's family member or employee's business associate holds a financial interest, shall report such interest to the Chief Legal Counsel to determine whether a conflict exists.

  1. ODOT must obtain release and permit authority from DAS:
    Whenever a purchase is expected to exceed the single purchase limit established by DAS,

    When an anticipated purchase will meet or exceed the vendor limit as established in section 127.16 of the ORC,
    For ODOT to have the ability to establish competitively bid ODOT Term contracts for highway related commodities. This is achieved through a joint effort by the Divisions of Contract Administration and Finance & Forecasting and is completed at the beginning of each biennium.
    ODOT must obtain release and permit authority from OIT for the purchase of computers, telecommunication equipment


For purchases of goods and services, ODOT shall consider whether or not it is necessary to seek Controlling Board approval for those purchases. ODOT shall consider whether the type or source of purchase is exempt from Controlling Board Review, and if the purchase exceeds the Controlling Board threshold amount. The amount is determined by combining the amount of all disbursements to the supplier during the fiscal year with the amount of all outstanding encumbrances. This does not include any purchases made by competitive selection or any purchases with the prior approval of the Controlling Board. If the purchase of the good or service exceeds the threshold amount, and it is necessary to gain Controlling Board approval, each office or division shall coordinate their Controlling Board request with the Office of Legislative Services.

The specific types of purchases exempt from Controlling Board review, the sources exempt from Controlling Board review, and more information regarding the vendor limit can be found in the Controlling Board manual which can be found on the Controlling Board website.


It is intended that ODOT personnel refer to the Consultant Contracts Administration Manual for ODOT’s internal procedures regarding consultant administration and the consultant selection process. These services include but are not limited to, environmental studies, design and plan preparation, construction inspection, bridge inspection and right of way acquisition. Any and all ODOT employees having any role in the administration of a consultant contract must either possess or have ready access to a copy of this manual.


No purchase for, or sale of, ODOT operational lands and/or buildings, which typically includes but is not limited to headquarters, garages, outposts and safety rest areas, will be made without first complying with the OFM Property Acquisition Form. For further information, contact the Office of Facility Management in central office.

All fleet and rolling stock equipment including all replacement and new addition purchases, must meet specific established criteria that will optimize ODOT’s equipment fleet from a life cycle perspective. Examples of criteria are average age targets for each equipment class, target disposal ages, usage objectives, turn-in frequencies, DAS mandates, etc. All equipment purchases must be approved by the Office of Equipment Management.


ODOT will set aside 15% of all eligible goods and services purchases to be from minority business enterprises which have been certified by the Department of Administrative Services as required by section 125.081 of the ORC and in accordance with the guidelines set forth by the Department of Administrative Services.


ODOT will procure 5% of all eligible construction projects, supplies and services, professional services, information technology services, and architectural and engineering services, from socially and economically disadvantaged enterprises which have been certified as EDGE vendors by the Department of Administrative Services as required by section 125.081 of the ORC. ODOT will be focusing on our Capital Construction Contract and Consultant agreements to meet this goal.


It is ODOT policy to make maximum use of payment cards in procuring goods and services where their use is legally and administratively acceptable. All employee classifications within ODOT are eligible to utilize the payment card. This decision is at the discretion of the employee’s immediate supervisor, Administrator, Central Office Accounting or Deputy Director.


ODOT will apply preferences to Ohio products in accordance with section 125.09 and
125.11 of the Ohio Revised Code.


All ODOT employees are prohibited from accepting, soliciting, or using the authority or influence of their position to secure, for personal travel, a discounted or free “frequent flyer” airline ticket, hotel stay, or other benefit from an airline, hotel, or other business if they have obtained the ticket or other benefit from the purchase of airline tickets or hotel stay for use in official travel, by the Department. This is in accordance with The Ohio Ethics Commissions Advisory Opinion No. 91-010 and ORC sections 102.03 (D-E), 2921.42(A)(4), and 2921.43(A).

All ODOT employees are prohibited from accepting gifts, gratuities, vendor credits, or any other thing of value which would result in personal gain.


Controlling Board – a seven member board of the House and Senate which provides oversight and approval for certain capital and operating expenditures by state agencies. In addition, the board has approval authority over various state fiscal activities such as waivers of competitive selection and increases in appropriation authority.

Department of Administrative Services (DAS): the administrative organization that provides oversight and leadership for most state purchasing activities.

Encouraging Diversity, Growth, and Equity (EDGE) vendor: a small socially and economically disadvantaged business enterprise owned and controlled by U.S. Citizens who are Ohio residents. EDGE vendors are certified by DAS based on established criteria to determine if they are socially and economically disadvantaged.

Minority Business Enterprise (MBE): an individual, partnership, corporation, or joint venture of any kind that is owned and controlled by United States citizens, residents of Ohio, who are and have held themselves out as members of the following economically disadvantaged groups: Blacks, American Indians, Hispanics, and Orientals.

Ohio Penal Industries (OPI): a division of the Department of Rehabilitation and Corrections created to provide work training programs for inmates housed at the various prison facilities.

Quotation: a verbal or written statement from a vendor indicating the price or fee they will charge for providing a specified quantity of goods or services for a specific period of time.

Sole Source: The only vendor capable of providing a good or service. A sole source should be clearly documented and justified.

Split Purchase: Any purchase made, intentionally or unintentionally, which results in the circumvention of any limit set forth in this policy such as the DAS single purchase threshold, controlling board threshold, or quotation limits.

Community Rehabilitation Program (CRP): A mandatory statewide program whereby state agencies must procure certain goods and services from qualified non-profit work centers that provide employment to people with severe disabilities.


All employees that participate in purchasing activities should be trained on the appropriate policy, statutory requirements, and procedures for the various types of purchasing mechanisms.


There is no negative fiscal impact of implementing this policy. This policy contains DAS purchasing requirements which have been established and are in effect at present.