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Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) / Section 504
Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) / Section 504

Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)

The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) of 1990, as amended in the ADA Amendments Act of 2008, is a civil rights statute that prohibits discrimination against persons with disabilities.  The ADA, along with Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (ADA/504) prohibit public entities from discriminating against qualified persons with disabilities in providing access to facilities and services that the public entity provides.

The ADA was signed into law on July 26, 1990, by President George H.W. Bush. The ADA is one of America's most comprehensive pieces of civil rights legislation that prohibits discrimination and guarantees that people with disabilities have the same opportunities and access as everyone else to participate in the mainstream of American life, including participating in State and local government programs and services. Modeled after the Civil Rights Act of 1964, which prohibits discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, or national origin – and Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 -- the ADA is an "equal opportunity" law for people with disabilities.

To be protected by the ADA, one must have a disability, which is defined by the ADA as a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activities, a person who has a history or record of such an impairment, or a person who is perceived by others as having such an impairment.

ODOT and ADA/504 Program

Title II of the ADA applies to State and local government entities, including ODOT; which protects qualified individuals with disabilities from discrimination on the basis of disability in services, programs, and activities provided by State and local government entities. Title II extends the prohibition on discrimination established by section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, as amended, 29 U.S.C. 794, to all activities of State and local governments regardless of whether these entities receive Federal financial assistance.

As the state agency responsible for designing, building, and maintaining the transportation systems for the state of Ohio, ODOT has ADA responsibilities in separate but equally important areas: employment, public rights of way facilities, and facilities.

Requests for Reasonable Accommodation/Request for Assistance

Any ODOT employee or applicant who would like to request an accommodation may do so by completing the Request for Reasonable Accommodation Form. Contact information and instructions for submitting the form are located on the bottom of the form. 

Any person who would like to make a request concerning an access or accessibility related issue on the state transportation system, including Ohio’s Rest Areas, may complete and submit the Public ADA Accessibility Request Form.

Discrimination Complaints

Any person who believes he or she has been denied benefits or excluded from participation in services of any program or activity administered by the Department or its sub-recipients, consultants, or contractors on the basis of disability may file a complaint within 180 days of the alleged discriminatory conduct. Access the complaint form here.

Related Laws

The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA)

Prohibits discrimination against qualified individuals in all employment practices, including job application procedures, hiring, firing, advancement, compensation and training.

Section 504 of Rehabilitation Act of 1973

Nondiscrimination under Federal grants and programs; promulgation of rules and regulations.

Enforcement Agencies

The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC)

Responsible for enforcing federal laws prohibiting employment discrimination based on membership in a protected class. * Filing Deadline is within 300 days of the alleged discriminatory act.

The Ohio Civil Rights Commission (OCRC)

Responsible for enforcing state laws against discrimination. * Filing Deadline is within 6 months of the alleged discrimination act.

The Department of Administrative Services, Equal Opportunity Division (DAS/EOD)

Responsible for guiding, directing, assisting and monitoring the administration of state of Ohio agency EEO programs by ensuring fair and equal treatment of all individuals in the processes which affect employment. DAS/EOD enforces EEO-related federal/state laws and regulations, Gubernatorial Executive Orders as well as state employment policies and procedures related to civil rights, affirmative action and non-discrimination. Filing Deadline is within 30 days of the alleged discriminatory act.

State of Ohio Administrative Policy No. HR-14: Anti-Discrimination and Anti-Harassment Policy and Reporting Procedures

U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ)

Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)

Federal Transit Administration (FTA)